International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023


Decoding the Causes in Patients Presenting with Hemoptysis in a Tertiary Care Centre

Aditya Nag | Mahip Saluja [2] | Tushar Singh


Abstract: The etiology of hemoptysis known today is very diverse, not only infections and lung disorders, but also neoplasms, cardiovascular abnormalities, and hematological disorders or systemic diseases. Pulmonary Tuberculosis is the leading factor in developing countries, whereas, in developed countries, bronchiectasis, lung cancer, and bronchitis are the main causes. The present study was done to find out different causes and risk factors of hemoptysis and compare the results with findings reported in the literature.103 patients were enrolled in the study. Out of 103 patients, 71 were male and 32 were female. The majority of patients were from 40 to 59 years of age. Mild hemoptysis was seen in 77 patients, 15 had moderate hemoptysis, and 2 had massive hemoptysis. Tuberculosis is the most common etiology followed by post - TB bronchiectasis, lung malignancy, bronchiectasis, pneumonia, and lastly Aspergilloma. In above 80 - year - old patients, malignancy was the most common cause of hemoptysis. We concluded that Tuberculosis is still the most common etiology of hemoptysis, especially in younger and middle age groups. Many patients with bronchiectasis are being misdiagnosed as tuberculosis. Hemoptysis due to lung cancer is on the rise. Active investigation with all the parameters available should be done for proper diagnosis.


Keywords: Hemoptysis, Tuberculosis, Lung Cancer, Bronchiectasis


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,


Pages: 1234 - 1241


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