International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Review Papers | Linguistics | Indonesia | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023 | Rating: 4.5 / 10


Correlation between Social Factors and the Occurrence of Code Switching: A Critical Review

Simon Sitoto [4] | Herawaty Abbas [2] | Naomi Patiung [4]


Abstract: The paper aims to investigate correlation between social factors and code switching in bilingual and/or multilingual societies. The data were taken from two articles discussing the existence of code switching in two countries, one in Brussel, Belgium and the other one in Campus Kiswahili in the University of Dar es Salaam. The data were analyzed by contrasting the two articles in the form of critical review. The study indicates that code switching is correlated to social factors. The first article indicates a negative correlation since code switching occurs in between different groups. The second article indicates a positive correlation since code switching is produced within group. In this group, one of the switched languages has been accepted as matrix language and the other as an embedded language.


Keywords: code switching, social factor, bilingual society, multilingual society


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,


Pages: 347 - 349


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