International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Analysis Study Research Paper | Medical Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023

Correlation between Blood VDRL Positivity and Clinicoepidemiological Profile among Referral Patients from Other Departments in a Tertiary Care Center

Dr. S. Kalaivani M. D. D. V | Dr. J. Priyam. D. Dvl

Abstract: Introduction: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Treponema pallidum having varied presentations that can mimic other infections. It is well known for its invasiveness and immune evasiveness if untreated. With increasing awareness, early screening and effective treatment, it is possible to prevent long term complications. Aim: To study the correlation between blood VDRL positivity and clinicoepidemiological profile among patients referred from other departments to Sexually Transmitted Department (STD) O.P. Materials and Methods: A Retrospective observational study was conducted from January 2019 ? December 2021 in STD O.P, Institute of Dermatology Venereology & Leprosy, Madras Medical College/RGGGH, Chennai. The study was conducted on Blood VDRL positive referral patients from other departments. Detailed history, physical examination, and other appropriate investigation results were noted. Observations: In the study population, 67% were males and 32.25% were females. Majority of the patients (males-52%;females-30%) were in the age group 20-30 years.50.7% males and 93% females were married.60% males and 20% females had high risk behaviour and also 15.8% males and 10% females had previous history of venereal diseases. TPHA was positive in 70% males and 33.4% females. False positive VDRL was found in 30% males and 66.6% females. Referrals were mostly from medicine, surgery, urology, gynecology, rheumatology and dermatology departments. Conclusion: Our study showed that asymptomatic patients referred from other departments during routine screening revealed more number of VDRL positivity. This in turn reflects the burden in general population, which mandates the intensification of STI program.

Keywords: Syphilis, Blood VDRL, high risk behaviour, sexually transmitted infection, screening

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023,

Pages: 1080 - 1082

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