International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Informative Article | Commerce and Economic Studies | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023 | Rating: 4.6 / 10


Reverse Migration in Kerala - An Impact among NRKS amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic

Preethi Pradeep


Abstract: Reverse migration is a movement of migrants to their home country after residing at least one year in another country due to various reasons. In Kerala, the major share of income is from remittance of expatriates. Due to the heavy pandemic COVID-19 outbreak, many of the migrants especially Gulf returnees who have returned to Kerala for breaks or holidays were stuck and were in the fear of losing their livelihood. The situation still persists even in the later or end stage of the pandemic even though many returnees are trying to build a new life in Kerala. The impact of reverse return in the pandemic period thus has to be analysed.


Keywords: Reverse Return, COVID-19, NORKA ROOTS, Repatriation, Rehabilitation


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,


Pages: 255 - 258


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