International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Biological Sciences | Nigeria | Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022

Distribution of ABO, Rhesus Blood Groups, and Genotype among Students of Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

M. O. Yakubu | E. T. Emmoga

Abstract: The ABO and Rhesus blood group systems are globally recognized as the most pivotal blood groups that areused in blood grouping and medical transfusion purposes. The ABO and Rhesus blood groupshas shown to genetically vary across different populations of the world. This present study aims to provides essential information on the distribution of ABO, Rhesus blood groups, and genotypes among students at the Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. A total of 547 student data were randomly collected from the records unit of the university clinic, comprising 332 males and 213 females. The result shows variation in the percentage frequency distribution among the students. Blood group O had the highest percentage frequency (52.8%), group B had a frequency of 23.4%, group A was 19.7%, while blood group AB had the least percentage frequency (4.0%). Variations were also seen in the Rhesus distribution, as the total percentage frequency of Rhesus - positive individuals was 98.2%, while those of Rhesus - negative individuals was 1.8%. The genotype distribution among 277 students on the other hand, varied in the order of AA>AS>SS, with percentage values of 75.8%, 23.8%, and 0.4%, respectively. Additionally, this study gives vital information concerning the management of blood banks and sustainable healthcare services in the community.

Keywords: ABO, Rhesus, Genotype, Wukari, Taraba State

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022,

Pages: 1404 - 1408

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