International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Survey Paper | Periodontology | India | Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022


To Assess Knowledge and Attitude Related to Female Sex Hormones and Periodontal Health Awareness among Gynaecologists in Porbandar City - A Questionnaire Survey

Kinjal Savjani [3] | Bela Dave [2] | Parth Khamar | Jubin Thacker [3] | Gunjan Jadav [3] | Yashesh Patel


Abstract: Background: Homeostasis of periodontium is a complex, multifactorial relationship that involves, at least in part the endocrine system. Different endocrinal events in the life cycle of women - puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause or even use of oral contraceptives have a profound impact on periodontium. Since periodontal disease is both preventable and curable, early intervention may reduce the microbial challenge and improve periodontal health in hormonal sensitive tissue. The awareness regarding changes in the periodontium under the influence of the hormones will help the gynaecologists to diagnose and treat the related issues in a better way. Aim: The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding the female sex hormones and periodontal health among the gynaecologists in Porbandar City. Material and Method: Based on convenience sampling, 30 gynecologists were selected without any gender bias from Porbandar city. Study was conducted via questionnaire form sent to the participants after obtaining their informed consent containing 10 questions. Validation of the questionnaire was done beforehand. Results were tabulated and results were presented in percentage (%). Results: Majority of them were acquainted with enough knowledge and awareness regarding effects of female sex hormones on periodontium during various stages of life. However, the health professionals showed to have insufficient knowledge in terms of periodontal diseases being a risk factor for preterm low birth weight deliveries, which is a matter of concern. Conclusion: Our survey highlights sound knowledge among gynecologists relating to effects of hormones during various endocrinal stages in life of a female. But knowledge regarding effects during pregnancy, especially relating to pre term low birth weight deliveries is still a zone requiring more attention.


Keywords: knowledge, attitude, gynecologists, dentists, puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, oral contraceptives, pre term low birth weight deliveries


Edition: Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022,


Pages: 934 - 938


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