International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Linguistics | Vietnam | Volume 11 Issue 4, April 2022

Expressive Speech Acts of Persuasion in English Presidential Election Speeches

Luu Quy Khuong | Nguyen Thi Thanh Thanh [3]

Abstract: Politics is a process of making decisions by the distribution of power and resources in order to put certain political, economic, and social ideas into practice. For political messages to be delivered to the target community through political discourse, many strategies have been employed to fulfill the purpose of persuading the audience. The study investigates the expressive speech acts of persuasion utilized in Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump?s 2016 presidential election speeches. Adopting the speech act theory by Searle (1980), the study aims to uncover the features of expressive speech acts used by the two politicians for persuasion. The data was analyzed using descriptive qualitative method basing on quantitative information. The findings showed that the process of manipulation of the two politicians was fostered by expressive speech acts, highlighting the illocutionary forces of thanking, greeting, complementing, wishing, apologizing, and expressing hope. Through the illocutionary forces, both Trump and Clinton would like to communicate their different political stands and ideologies to persuade the audience to advocate them. Donald Trump spread his persuasion with more dominating frequencies of expressive speech acts than Hillary Clinton. Besides, they also demonstrated distinctively different illocutionary acts addressing different issues to serve their political purposes.

Keywords: presidential election speeches, persuasion, ideology, political discourse

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 4, April 2022,

Pages: 569 - 575

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