International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Comparative Studies | Nutrition Science | India | Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2022 | Rating: 5 / 10

A Comparison of the Nutritional Status of Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Hemodialysis Patients

A. Virgin Vinoliya | Lally Hanna Luke | Merina Elizabeth Joseph | Deepa C. Philip

Abstract: Background: In hemodialysis patients, malnutrition is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Diabetes patients on hemodialysis have a shorter life expectancy if their dietary health is inadequate. As a result, this study used anthropometric data, a malnutrition inflammation score, and a body composition monitor to determine the nutritional condition of diabetic and non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. Methods: Nutritional status was determined in 70 patients. Among these, 35 were diabetic hemodialysis patients and another 35 were non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. Anthropometric parameters, body composition analyzer, and malnutrition information score were used to assess the malnutrition status of hemodialysis patients. Results: Malnutrition is more common in diabetic individuals receiving hemodialysis than in non-diabetic patients receiving hemodialysis. There was a significant difference in muscle wasting between diabetics and non-diabetics (p<.05), as well as a significant difference in blood albumin between diabetics and non-diabetics (p<.001). A lower phase angle denotes a poor state of health, while a higher phase angle suggests a good state of health. When comparing diabetics to non-diabetics, there was a significant difference in phase angle (p0<.05). Conclusion: Diabetic nephropathy patients have worse outcomes than non-diabetic patients, with a statistically significant difference (p<005). Nutritional status in hemodialysis patients should be assessed on a regular basis, and early discovery of malnutrition can help to improve this condition.

Keywords: Hemodialysis, Malnutrition Inflammation Score, Body Composition Monitor

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2022,

Pages: 686 - 689

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