International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Food & Nutrition | India | Volume 11 Issue 12, December 2022 | Rating: 4.3 / 10


Adverse Effects of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Growth and Development of Children

Saba Sultana | Navaneetha R [2]


Abstract: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a condition where the pregnant woman experiences rise in the blood glucose level, which adversely effects mother and the child. The prevalence of GDM is increasing day by day. This review paper briefly highlights the most common adverse effects of Gestational Diabetes on infants, which includes, Pre term birth, Macrosomia, Low birth weight, Hyperglycemia, long term effects like Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus. The risk of developing future Diabetes Mellitus is high in women who have already been diagnosed with GDM. With proper diet counselling and lifestyle management, during the course of pregnancy, GDM can be prevented and the risk of adverse effects can be greatly reduced.


Keywords: GDM, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, adverse effects, lifestyle management


Edition: Volume 11 Issue 12, December 2022,


Pages: 709 - 713


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