International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Medical Science | India | Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022 | Rating: 5 / 10

A Study on Newly Diagnosed Hyperglycemia in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients & its Long Term Impact on Health

Dr. Praful J. Dudhrejiya | Dr. Purva H. Shukla | Dr. Rahul Gambhir

Abstract: Background: Chronic co-morbidities, including diabetes, are highly prevalent in people with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and are associated with an increased risk of severe COVID-19 and mortality. The phenomenon of new-onset diabetes following admission to the hospital has been observed previously with other viral infections and acute illnesses. Whether new-onset diabetes is likely to remain permanent is not known, as the long-term follow-up of these patients is limited. Our study objectives were (1) to study relationship between new onset diabetes mellitus/hyperglycemia and COVID-19 infections & (2) to study effects of new onset diabetes mellitus/hyperglycemia on prognosis of COVID-19 infection. Methodology: It was an observational study in which 100 hospitalized COVID-19 positive cases of newly diagnosed hyperglycemia were selected from civil hospital, Rajkot. Case records & lab records of pt were used for getting information mentioned in questionnaire. Results: Most common age group affected in our study was 41-60 years (44%).70% patients were male. Out of all post-discharged cases, 15 pt expired during 6 months follow up period. Patients whose ?on admission RBS? was more than 500 mg/dl had 100 % mortality rate while it was ~ 43% if ?on admission? RBS was between 400 to 500 mg/dl. At the end of 6 months, 76 out of 85 survived patients had persistent HbA1c value > 6.4 (i. e. developed diabetes). Conclusion: as the ?on admission RBS level? rises from 200 mg/dl to >500 mg/dl, mortality rate of patient also rises.90% patients who were non-diabetic at admission had developed diabetes mellitus at the end of 6 months post-discharge period.

Keywords: newly diagnosed hyperglycemia, hospitalized COVID-19 patients, long term prognosis

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022,

Pages: 1078 - 1081

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