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Research Paper | Paediatrics | India | Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022
A Study to Assess the Knowledge of Mothers of School Going Children on Prevention of Eye Problems in Selected Area at Tumkur with a View to Develop an Information Guide Sheet
Surendra Kumar Saini
Abstract: The human vision system at birth is poorly developed, but rapidly becomes the remarkable combination of nerve tissue, muscles and optical lenses that provide us with the sense of vision. The information processed by the eyes is sent directly to the brain and is interpreted as vision. The eyes learn to move and scan across the visual world, sensing time and space. Colors and shapes become valuable clues to help us understand our environment. Visual impairment is a worldwide problem that has a significant socioeconomic impact. Childhood blindness is a priority area because of the number of years of blindness that ensues. Children do not complain of defective vision, and may not even be aware of their problem. They adjust to the poor eyesight by sitting near the blackboard, holding the books closer to their eyes, squeezing the eyes and even avoiding work requiring visual concentration. This warrants early detection and treatment to prevent permanent disability. In the present study, data were collected from 60 mothers on knowledge regarding prevention of eye problems in selected area of Tumkur. Objectives of this study are to assess the knowledge of mothers regarding prevention of eye problems, to determine association between socio - demographic variables with knowledge of mothers regarding prevention of eye problems, to develop an information guide sheet for the use of mothers prevention of eye Problems. The study was descriptive in nature. Sample size was 60 mothers. Simple random technique was used to draw the sample. The data collection was done by interview method, using questionnaire (A structured interview schedule), which includes 30 questions of knowledge scoring pattern of one for each correct answer and zero for incorrect response, attitude scale and observational checklist was used. Findings regarding level of knowledge regarding eye problems and its prevention and they are having maximum knowledge in General knowledge about eye problem (60.2%) and minimum knowledge in Prevention of eye problem (51.3%). Overall they are having 56.1% of knowledge on eye problems. Findings on relation between demographical variables and level of knowledge of mothers, There was significant relationship between (p<0.05) between the knowledge and age, education, income, religion, type of family of the mothers. This study showed that level of knowledge varies with age, type of family, religion, educational status, income. The findings of this study should be used as a base to create more awareness to improve the knowledge regarding prevention of eye problems. Hence the health status of children?s and general public can be motivated to use curative services available and preserve their safe health.
Keywords: Eye problems, knowledge, Assess
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022,
Pages: 973 - 976