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Research Paper | Earth Science and Engineering | Libya | Volume 10 Issue 10, October 2021
Geochemical Characteristics of Upper Cretaceous Dolomite in Northwest Libya: Implications for Dolomitization and Diagenesis; El Zintansection as a Case Study
Ali Ben Sera | Khitam Alzughoul
Abstract: Lithostratigraphically, the Sidi As sid Formation (Upper Cretaceous) in the El Zintan section (JabalNafusah, NW Libya) consists of three units: upper marl, middle marl with intercalations of dolostone, and lower dolostone. Based on crystal size and shape, three types of dolomite have been classified. Fine crystalline dolomite (D1) consists of nonplanar dolomites, fine to medium crystalline dolomite (D2), and very coarse, consisting of mostly planar dolomites (D - 3). The Cathodoluminescence technique also showed that most of these dolomites have bright yellow to red and dull orange luminescence and zoning. Based on X - ray diffraction (XRD), all dolomites are relatively well ordered and non to nearly stoichiometric dolomite. The stable isotopic studies and element analysis show that the major elements such as sodium (D1: 412.166 ppm; D2: 175 ppm; D3: 420 ppm), strontium (D1: 107 ppm; D2: 85 ppm; D3: 81.2 ppm), manganese (D1: 271 ppm; D2: 91 ppm; V3: 242 ppm), and iron (D1: 4856.66 ppm; D2: 373 ppm; D3: 3287 ppm) and the values of the stable isotope of oxygen (D1: - 2.202?; D2: - 2.131; D3: - 4.359?) and carbon (D1: 2.080; D2: 2.076 ?; D3: 1.581 ?). The values of major elements and depletion of the carbon and oxygen isotopes can be related to the effects of temperature diagenetic, and mesosaline reflux of dolomitizing fluids during the early diagenesis. These dolomites originated in a tidal environment in this Formation. The major sources of magnesium for the dolomites are seawater and hypersaline fluids.
Keywords: SidiAs Sid Formation, Dolostone, Tidal Environment, Hypersaline brines, Mesosaline
Edition: Volume 10 Issue 10, October 2021,
Pages: 1323 - 1331