International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Mathematics | Uzbekistan | Volume 9 Issue 8, August 2020

Application of Quadratic Cryptanalysis for a Five Round XOR Modification of the Encryption Algorithm Gost 28147-89

Rakhmatillo Djuraevich Aloev | Bardosh Bobonazarovich Akhmedov

Abstract: In the paper, we give analysis for the mathematical foundations of quadratic approximations; singularities of a binary operation 〈∙, ∙〉_k in the vector field Z_2^m, mathematical foundations of quadratic approximations of a special form (Boolean functions), and quadratic approximations of block ciphers. We also present the mathematical foundations of constructing correlation matrices using quadratic approximations for estimating nonlinear reflections of S-blocks in the block coding algorithm GOST 28147-89. Examples of four-bit permutations recommended for use in S-blocks of the algorithm GOST 28147-89 [6] are considered. It is shown that in almost all cases there are more probable (compared to linear) quadratic relations of a special form on the input and output bits of these permutations. Quadratic approximations are developed for round transformations of the algorithm GOST 28147-89. Also, quadratic relations of a special form are developed for input and output bits for a five round XOR modification of the encryption algorithm GOST 28147-89. The solutions of the problems of applying quadratic cryptanalysis to find some bits of round keys are given.

Keywords: GOST 28147-89, selected plaintext, quadratic approximation, correlation matrix, quadratic cryptanalysis

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 8, August 2020,

Pages: 1101 - 1109

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