International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Review Papers | Thermal Engineering | Ethiopia | Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020


Actual Practice on Solar Water Distillation Technology and Clean Water Access Crisis in North Shoa-Ethiopia: A Detailed Review

Tamerat Demeke Agonafer


Abstract: Current practice to get to drinking water to the individuals these days narrowing everywhere throughout the world. Same as in Ethiopia absence of safe water get to is one of big issue where rural communities confronted, 61 % of the population has access to safe water. The vast majority of the diseases are brought by water related; looseness of the bowels is the subsequent driving reason for death for youngsters, kids dies at regular interval. Rural communities mostly obtained water from shallow, wells, stream and rivers, however this water might be possibly filled with destructive substances and microbes therefore, dangerous for consumption. To take out the pollution of water, customary desalination activities like multi stage streak, fume pressure, different impact, iron exchange, reverse osmosis and electro dialysis are utilized. But very expensive for small quantity of water production, additionally utilizing of ordinary energy sources negatively affects nature. Ecofriendly water refinement is need, sun powered distillation is one of demonstrated, generally appealing and straightforward method utilizing free and sustainable energy from the sun for water distillation among alternatives. It is appropriate for little to huge plants at areas where solar energy is extensive. Ethiopia is one of a tropical nation favored with abundant sunshine. Every day normal solar radiation is somewhere in the range of 5.68 and 6.6 kWh/m2/d for various places. It has a normal of 250 to 300 clear sunny days of the year. In this manner, it gets a solar irradiation of 5000 to 7000 Wh/m² per year, and in this way has extraordinary potential for the utilization of solar energy and meeting the energy requirements. Present article comprises of an overall detailed review and technical evaluation of solar distillation recent technologies, then construct experimental setup to observe its productivity at North Shoa-Ethiopia condition. The review incorporates prologue to the solar distillation


Keywords: Heat Storing Elements Black Basalt, K-Type Thermocouple, Reflector, Solar Distillation Review, Double Slope Solar Still


Edition: Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020,


Pages: 1884 - 1892


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