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Research Paper | Cardiology Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023
The Study of Risk Factors in Young Adults Suffering with Acute Coronary Syndrome
Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode | Dr Rutuja Darokar  | Sai Pranavi .U
Abstract: Background: Acute coronary syndrome occurs due to the decreased blood flow to the heart which causes a set of symptoms. Due to the change in the lifestyle of younger individuals like smoking, sedentary lifestyle, etc the prevalence of ACS in increasing in the younger population, and hence identification of these risk factors will help in better prognosis and early identification of the syndrome and can help the clinicians in diagnosing it early. Objectives: To identify the risk factors in acute coronary syndrome. Methods and methodology: It was a cross sectional study, conducted in the coronary care unit of AIIMS, Nagpur. Convenient sampling was used for patients? selection. The serum cardiac enzyme level was measured, and serial ECHO was done at admission and repeated if required. Blood samples were collected after an overnight fast of 14 hours and tests were done for total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol. Results: Out of 62 patients of acute coronary syndrome, 9 (14.5%) were female and 53 (66.67%) were males. Out of 62 patients 30 (50.7%) had diabetes mellitus, while 35 (57.8%) were suffering from hypertension.23 out of 62 patients (37%) had family history of coronary artery disease. Out of 62 patients 30 (54.8%) were smokers and 30 (54.8%) were alcohol consumers.16 patients (25.8%) out of 62 were obese and 3 (33.33%) out of 9 females had a history of early menopause.
Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, risk factors for ACS, young ACS, smoking
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,
Pages: 1609 - 1614