International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Masters Thesis | Nursing | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023

A Descriptive Study on the Prevalence of High Risk Foot and Self Foot Care Practices among Diabetic Individuals in Selected Hospitals of Guwahati, Assam

Wahengbam Reema Devi | Nabajani Dutta [3]

Abstract: Diabetic foot ulcer is the most common complications which lead to amputation of lower extremity. The objective of study is to estimate the prevalence of high risk foot (HRF) and assess self foot care practices (SFCPs) among diabetic individuals from selected hospitals of Guwahati, Assam.300 participants with diabetes fulfilling inclusion criteria were screened for high risk foot with assessment of monofilament test and Nottingham Assessment of Functional Foot care Questionnaire (NAFF) for assessing self care practice. Results shows, 115 (38.3%) falls under prevalence of HRF of which 64 (55.6%) on right foot and 51 (44.4%) on left foot.190 (63.3%) had satisfactory SFCPs. There is significant association between prevalence of high risk foot and SFCPs. The association between prevalence of high risk foot with selected demographic data - age, gender, educational status, occupation, smoking habit, alcohol usage and clinical data - diabetes duration, anti - diabetic medications, other problems related with diabetes, present foot problems, foot ulcer history shows significant association. Similarly for self foot practices, demographic data - educational status, occupation, smoking habit and clinical data - family history with diabetes and present foot problems were found statistically significant. Study concludes that prevalence rate of high risk foot among diabetic individual was low and self - foot care practices were satisfactory.

Keywords: Prevalence, High Risk foot, Self Foot Care, Practices, Diabetic Individuals

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,

Pages: 1352 - 1358

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