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Masters Thesis | Paediatrics | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023
Clinical and Etiological Profile of Children with Developmental Delay: An Observational Cross - Sectional Study from Eastern India
Abstract: Children who do not meet developmental milestones in at least one of the key streams-including motor, perceptual, speech, cognition, and behavior-are said to have developmental delay (DD). The following observational cross - sectional study was undertaken to assess the clinical profile and etiology of children with developmental delay in Eastern India. Children with developmental delay, developmental concerns or intellectual disability up to 15 years of age were included. The study included 70 children with Global Developmental Delay. Majority of children were males (72.9%). The mean age of the children was 4.1 years. The prevalence of gross motor, fine motor, socio - adaptive, hearing, speech and vision delays were 65.7%, 70%, 92.9%, 25.7%, 92.9% and 8.6%, respectively. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) was the most common factor (26.2%), followed by perinatal (18.5%) and structural (15.4%). In the present study, 11.4% of the children with developmental delays were preterm babies and 4.6% of the children had metabolic etiology. Genetic factors accounted for 13.8% of the cases included in our study. Karyotype - 47XY+21 was the most common genetic finding (44.4%) Microcephaly was the most common clinical feature among the children (18.6%). Neuroimaging yielded structural changes in 47.1% of the children.
Keywords: developmental delay, child, etiology, Autism Spectrum Disorder, India
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,
Pages: 877 - 881