International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Agricultural Studies | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023

Production of Biodegradable Plastic from Potato Starch

Gangurde Shubham Bhausaheb

Abstract: Plastic is everywhere. Today's life without plastics is unimaginable. The benefits are huge, but not many people know about the negative effects of plastic waste on the environment. If people use biodegradable plastics instead of petroleum - based plastics, the world would be much cleaner. This year's statistics show that world plastics production reached nearly 280 million tones. Recycling only does not solve the problem as still a huge amount of plastic waste ends up in landfills and oceans. If this kind of plastic was used instead of conventional plastics, besides the plastic waste reduction, land and water contamination would be reduced as well since our plastic contains no toxic substances. As plastic produce from potato starch is degrades easily, can be used for agricultural purposes and also for Food packaging. The aim of the project was to produce the starch - based bio - plastics using potato starch. The methodology of the project started with the preparation of the potato which included weighing, washing, peeling, dicing. It was followed by blending, slurring and filtration so as to extract maximum starch. The second step was the production of the bio - plastic where Glycerol was added to the starch with the presence of heat. Analysis of sample shows that bio - plastic samples could withstand an elongation of 72.16 mm at break and finally a young?s modulus of 1.48 MPa. The Sample was analyze by different tests such as Tensile strength analysis, Water absorption test, Plastic Identification Test, Elongation &Young?s modulus and also test for Bio - degradability. An analysis shows that the resulting plastic is biodegradable and that it can be used for certain purposes.

Keywords: Biodegradable, Starch, Glycerol, Tensile Strength, Young's Modulus, Elongation

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,

Pages: 226 - 230

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