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Research Paper | Biological Engineering | Vietnam | Volume 2 Issue 4, April 2013
Measurement of Heart Rate Variability by Methods based on Chaos Theory
Hoang ChuDuc  | Thuan NguyenDuc 
Abstract: Heart rate variability (HRV) is the physiological phenomenon of variation in the time interval between heartbeats. It is measured by the variation in the beat-to-beat interval. HRV parameters providing information about the scaling behavior or the complexity of the cardiac system were included. In addition, Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics, with applications in several disciplines including physics, engineering, economics, biology, and philosophy. Chaos theory studies the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions, an effect which is popularly referred to as the butterfly effect. The goal was to investigate the influence of gender, age and day-night variation on these nonlinear HRV parameters. Numerical titration yielded similar information as other nonlinear HRV parameters do. However, it does not require long and cleaned data and therefore applicable on short (15 minutes) noisy time series. A higher nonlinear behavior was observed during the night while nonlinear heart rate fluctuations decline with increasing age. Our results support the involvement of the autonomic nervous system in the generation of nonlinear and complex heart rate dynamics.
Keywords: heart rate variability, circadian variations, chaos theory
Edition: Volume 2 Issue 4, April 2013,
Pages: 236 - 239
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