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Research Paper | Biomedical Sciences | Bangladesh | Volume 7 Issue 8, August 2018
Preliminary Phytochemical and Antibacterial Activities of AzadirachtaIndica (Bark) against Some Bacteria
Mrityunjoy Das | Md. Abul Kalam Azad | Md. Belal Uddin | Monira Khatun | Md. Ferozur Rahaman
Abstract: The antibacterial effect of Azadirachta indica against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella ozanae, Staphy-lococcus aureus and Escherichia coli was determined using the agar cup plate technique. The phytochemical components of A. indica showed the presence of saponin and phlobatanin and the absence of alkaloids, tannins, phenolics, glycosides, flavonoids and triterpenes. The result showed that the test organisms were susceptible to 100mg/ml, 50mg/ml and 5mg/ml of the plant extract. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined. The result showed that the MIC and MBC were 5mg and 50mg respectively for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella ozanae, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The result of the study suggests that extracts of A. indica could be suitable for the treatment of various infections caused by P. aeruginosa, K. ozanae, S. aureus and E. coli.
Keywords: Antibacterial, Azadirachta Indica, Phytochemical, Minimum Inhibitory Concentration, Minimum Bactericidal Concentration
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 8, August 2018,
Pages: 1371 - 1374