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Research Paper | Anthropology Science | Indonesia | Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018
Form of Power Relation of Punggawa-Sawi on Fishermen's Activity of Bajo Ethnics at Tiworo Archipelago North Tiworo District West Muna Regency Southeast Sulawesi Province
Abstract: The power relation of punggawa (the owner of capital) and sawi (the workers or the persons who are employed by punggawa) on the economic life of Bajo society at Tiworo Archipelago, North Tiworo Disrict, West Muna Regency is the relation of patron-client between the owner of capital and the workers that are usually called with the term of punggawa-sawi. The power relation that happened between punggawa and sawi in globalization era had the potential of arousing the conflict among the groups who have certain interests. The formulation of problem in this research was how are the forms of power relation of punggawa and sawi in fishermens activity of Bajo ethnics at Tiworo Archipelago, North Tiworo District, and West Muna Regency. This research aimed at responding the general problems that happened on the fishermen of Bajo ethnics at Tiworo Archipelago, North Tiworo District, and West Muna Regency that is related to the power relation of the groups of Punggawa and of Sawi. Its specific purpose was to respond the problems in the formulation of problem. This research used a theory approach of power relation of Foucault to study the forms of power relation between punggawa (rural government, the entrepreneur of sea product collector or the owner of capital) and the fishermen society of sawi. The result of this research showed that the power relation that happens between punggawa and sawi is the form of hegemonic power relation in which the group of punggawa creates the working-connection that all forms of rules and working-contracts are partially established by the group of punggawa without being denied by the group of sawi, including the permanent ownership of sawi and irregular life pattern that increasingly strengthens the power of punggawa. Besides, the access of information that was built through government either the executives or legislatives related to the governmental policies in propelling the increase of economy and extent of life was dominated by the group of punggawa and the connection of market through the collaboration with outside traders.
Keywords: Power Relation, Punggawa-Sawi, Bajo Ethnics
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018,
Pages: 1351 - 1359