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Research Paper | Psychology Science | Indonesia | Volume 7 Issue 4, April 2018
Application of Individual Consumer Method with Self Management Techniques to Reduce Interaction Problems Social on Children Mentally Retarded in SMPLB Mawar Putih Jakarta
Vashti Raissa | Vivi Sagita | Viva Hadyasri Taslim
Abstract: Social interaction is a reciprocal relationship that can occur if a person initiates and responds to initiation submitted by others. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) method is a method that teaches the main focus is reward and punishment that always must be obeyed, without mastery of the ability of the child will be difficult to teach other behavioral activities. It can be interpreted globally, as the ability of the individual intelligence to be below average, so that it is weak in adaptive behavior and is formed during the period of growth because it affects the social, cognitive and mental performance of the child & #039, s mentally retarded. This research uses single-case-experiment type with A-B-A design. Subjects used in the study include children with problems mentally retarded, maximum limit IQ is 69 (Scale Weschler / Binet), and a maximum age range 18 years. Measurement behavior using recording method in the form of recording interval with 60 second interval. The results showed that there was a change in mean social behavior interaction problem. At the baseline stage (A1), the mean social interaction behavior problem is 53.15 %. At the intervention stage, the mean social interaction behavior problem is 16.83 %. Then after the intervention was stopped, the researchers performed baseline repetition (A2) and obtained mean social interaction behavior problem of 30.93 %. Based on the results of the study, ABA type behavior modification program is quite effective in modifying the problem of learning readiness behavior. However, the results obtained are not maximized because the mean changes in social interaction behavior problems at the intervention stage tend to be unstable.
Keywords: social interaction, applied behavior analysis
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 4, April 2018,
Pages: 1036 - 1041