International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Geography | Indonesia | Volume 7 Issue 4, April 2018

Spatial Pattern of Crime with Geographic Information System (GIS) in Makassar, Indonesia

Muhammad Ichsan Ali [3] | Muhammad Rais

Abstract: The development success promoted by an area depends on the size of the obstacles of crime. Society must have been very familiar with the figure of a group of teenagers who called himself a motorcycle gang. They like artists who are and are always rising in the art of crime. They regard evil as the beauty of their loyalty to fellow motorcycle gang members. Solidarity, more intimate friendship is considered harmful by society. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether there is a relationship between the level of crime with the density and the number of people living in a particular area in Makassar. By using survey method and data collection technique that is snowball sampling, then for analysis of distribution pattern of hotspot criminal using ArcGIS software aid with Density Mapping method, while to see spatial relationship pattern of criminality to the amount and population density using SPSS software and overlay method. The results show that the design of distribution of criminal hotspots in 2015 and 2016 with the design of hotspots clusters that spread in areas of high and medium population density. Then there is a significant relationship between population density and criminal hotspots. In 2015, the distribution pattern of crime hotspots concentrated in areas with high population density, but by 2016 the distribution pattern of crime hotspots spread evenly not only in high population density areas but has spread to the medium population density area.

Keywords: CrimeHot Spots, Population Density, Geographic Information System GIS

Edition: Volume 7 Issue 4, April 2018,

Pages: 451 - 457

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