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Research Paper | Radiological Sciences | Sudan | Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017
Measurement of Kidneys? Dose in Three Hospitals during Chest and Abdomen Radiographic Examinations
Abstract: The study involved 60 patients, their ages were between (20_80) years, who underwent Chest and Abdominal radiographic examinations in three hospitals at Khartoum state (A, B and C). The objective of this study was to measure of the kidneys dose in three hospitals during chest and abdominal radiographic examinations. The data were collected using a sheet for all patients in order to maintain consistency of the information the age, exposure factors and type of examination were recorded. The examinations were collected according to the availability. After treating data with Cal Dose software, the ESAK and kidneys dose were recorded. The percentage of kidneys dose, the average, maximum and minimum of all data group were determined. Patient who underwent abdominal radiographic examination had higher ESAK values than those who underwent chest radiographic examinations,. Also was found that no regular quality control measurements were done to those hospitals and the output was different from one hospital to another a matter which caused variations in the values of ESAK and kidneys dose in each hospital. Kidneys dose during chest and abdominal radiographic examinations had no considerable effect on the patients unless, the examinations are repeated many times in short intervals. Also comparisons of doses received during the study and the reference values were shown. The study concluded that Differences were observed between the values of ESAK and kidneys dose in each hospital for different examinations, these differences were due to differences in setup, exposure factors to the same exam in each hospital and the output of the machine.
Keywords: Measurement, dose, kidneys
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017,
Pages: 1931 - 1936