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Informative Article | Environmental Science Studies | Albania | Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016
Indication of Pollution Sources in the Natural Statement of Osumi River
Jonida Leshi | Margarita Hysko
Abstract: Background River Osumi is located in the city of Berat, region of south and partly in western lowland of Albanian Republic. Berat city has a surface of 380 km, part of UNESCO cultural inheritage, counts 60 000 inhabitants in January 2015 and caracterised by mediteranean climate. Osumi river crosses the center of the city and is a large collector of urban waste water which are discharged untreated directly through the riverbanks. Aims The aim of the article is to assess the microbiologic level of pollution due to anthropogenic and industrial activity which impacts in the river statement and disturbing its natural equilibrium. Materials and Methods The 5 stations monitoring the microbiological quality of the river during Spring-Summer season 2016 were chosen to cover as much of the river length distantly due to terrain access. Samples were taken on plastic sterilized containers up to 50 ml and analyzed for fecal indication bacteria. Results Referred to the results of the analyses it is concluded that during summer months it is recorded a high level of FC peaking in specific stations such as (S5), (S1) and (S3) during June and July. Conclusions The absence of a water treatment plant in Osumi river, sediment load, temperature and nutrients could be possible reasons why the level of FC reaches high values during the hot season. An urgent need for implanting a waste water treatment plant, a project of constructing a regional land field and also banning the construction of hydropower plants along the river basin could help and reduce the high risk of further degradation of Osumi river ecosystem.
Keywords: Osumi river, fecal coliform, pollution, indicator
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016,
Pages: 710 - 714