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Research Paper | Histopathology | Nigeria | Volume 6 Issue 6, June 2017
Malignant Breast Diseases in Sokoto?A Histopathological Review
S. M. Sahabi  | K. Abdullahi
Abstract: Background Currently breast cancer remains the most commonly diagnosed female cancer globally with a significant geographic, racial and ethnical variation in its incidence. This article examines the frequency and histological types of breast cancer in a Tertiary Hospital in North-Western Nigeria. Materials and Methods Haematoxylin and Eosin stained slides of mastectomies and biopsies diagnosed as breast cancer from 2006 to 2015 were retrieved and studied. Request forms and histology register were scrutinized for clinical bio data and histologic diagnosis. Data obtained were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20 statistical package (SPSS) Incorporated, Chicago, Illinois, USA, and value presented descriptively. Results A total of 765 of breast cancer biopsies were received during the study period. This constituted 19.5 % of all the malignancies in the same period. Out of this, 732 (95.7 %) were females and 33 (4.3 %) were males. The Mean age of Patients presenting with breast cancer was 45 with SD 12.4, the age range was 18-99. Top five histological types were Invasive Ductal Carcinoma account for 694 (90.7 %), Invasive Lobular Carcinoma 23 (3 %), Metaplastic Carcinoma 23 (3 %), Mucinous Adenocarcinoma 5 (0.7 %), and Papillary Carcinoma 5 (0.7 %). Conclusion This study showed that Invasive Ductal Carcinoma was the most predominant morphologic presentation in our region. Education and public enlightenment on the importance of seeking medical attention are necessary tools to reduce the incidence, morbidity and mortality associated with malignancy of the breast.
Keywords: breast cancer, histopathology, Sokoto
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 6, June 2017,
Pages: 2337 - 2340