International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Biology | Indonesia | Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015 | Rating: 6.8 / 10

The Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Fungi Toward The Nutrient Availability of the Gandaria's Rooting(BoueaMacrophylla) in the Different Height Places from the Sea Surface in Ambon Island

Pamella Mercy Papilaya [2]

Abstract: Mycorrhizae was fungi which lived in mutualism symbiosis with its host plant, especially on the plants roots with the complex structure that can help the plants in absorb the nutrients from the soil. Variation of Environmental condition in Ambon Island can allow the great variety of mycorrhizal species composition on the landscape. Therefore, this study aimed at 1). determine the species composition of mycorrhizal on the Gandaria plants root (Boue macrophylla), 2). determine the availablity of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium content, 3) determine the population of mycorrhizal relationship with the availability of the nutrient elements. The research activity used the survey method based on the sampling (excerpts), including about 9 villages in 3 altitude from the sea surfaces, namely 0-400 meters height of 400-700 meters, height above 700 meters which was the object of a study to determine the number of FMA spores. Result of the study showed if the arbuscular mycorrhizal genus that had founded is classified into two genus such as Glomus and Scutellospora. The highest number of arbuscular mycorrhizal spores is obtained in the Poka village about 216 spores/100grm, Hatiwe Village about 389spora/100grm, Hutumuri village 336spora/100grm. In the Soya village is founded about 115 spores/100grm, Kusu-Kusu village about 118 spores/grm, Mahia Village about 146 spores/100grm, Waai Village about 210 spores/100grm, in the Tuni village about 40 spores/100grm and Hatalae Village about 173 spores/100grm. There was a significant relationship between the number of simultaneous mycorrhiza population with the nutrient availability of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium on the 3 altitudes.

Keywords: Arbuscular MycorrizaFungi, Hara, Bouea macrophylla, altitude from the sea level

Edition: Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015,

Pages: 1935 - 1942

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