International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 126 | Views: 201

Research Paper | Electronics & Communication Engineering | India | Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Habitat Impact on Echo-location Characteristics of Irrawaddy Dolphins from Chilika Lake and Sunderbans

Chaitali B. Ingale | Dr. Sunita S. Lokhande

Abstract: Acoustic echo-locationr characteristics of non-marine toothed whales are very critical for any conservation efforts. These species have been declared as data deficient by the IUCN and acoustic surveys are relatively cost-effective approach. Irrawaddy dolphins Orcaella brevirostris also known as facultative freshwater dolphins because they occupy both fresh- and nearshore marine waters are among the cetaceans at greatest risk to population extirpation and perhaps extinction. Their vulnerability stems from habitat requirements that are coupled to marine and freshwater habitats subjected to intense human intervention. The bio-sonar characteristics of these species are highly sensitive to their habitat and the Irrawaddy dolphins are spread across varied environments over distant geographic locations. A good understanding of their acoustic bio-sonar characteristics across habitats can potentially provide significant conservation inputs. Long recordings obtained by passive acoustic monitoring system are denoised first using wavelet transform and locations of click are detected using Teager-kaiser energy operator. The two habitats considered in this work are contrasting in their origin and evolution. The first is the rivers systems of the Sundarbans mangrove forest with a deltaic habitat and second is the Chilika Lagoon with rain water and high tide fed habitat. Detailed analysis of the Sundarbans Irrawaddy dolphins were reported in 2013 with well-defined acoustic signal parameters. Here the same parameter are applied for a comprehensive comparison of the species in the two habitats with a critical review on the correlation of the habitat features and the acoustic bio-sonar characteristics. Long term recording of the dolphin clicks in the Chilika lagoon have been analyzed and compared with the Sunderbans results available in the open literature. The acoustic parameters and their physical correlation with the animal behaviour and the habitat status have been presented. Multiple parameters such as peak frequency, signal source level, bandwidth, duration of clicks, inter-click interval, etc have been considered for study.

Keywords: Echolocation clicks, Chilika Lagoon, Irrawaddy Dolphins, Orcaella brevirostri, Teager-kaiser energy operator

Edition: Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015,

Pages: 2249 - 2252

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