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Research Paper | Engineering Science | Malaysia | Volume 4 Issue 1, January 2015
The Impact of Particles Size Variation of Waste Materials of Heavy Concrete for Gamma Ray Absorption
Abstract: . In this study, the dependence of gamma-ray absorption coefficient on the particulate matter sizes of steel slag, iron fillings and steel balls incorporated concrete were examined. The contents of these fillers in concrete mix was kept constant to 35 wt. %. Only the filler particle size was varied during the tests. The particle size ranged from 0.2mm to 1mm for steel slags and the iron fillings and from 2.5mm to 10mm for the steel balls. The concrete samples were assessed for their anti-radiation attenuation coefficient properties. The attenuation measurements were performed using gamma spectrometer of NaI (Tl) detector with Genie 200 software. The utilized radiation source was 137Cs radioactive element with photon energy of o.662 MeV. The results showed that gamma-ray attenuation coefficient was inversely proportional to the filler particulate matter size. Likewise the mean free paths for the tested samples were obtained. Maximum linear attenuation coefficient of 1.1020.263cm-1 was attained for the iron filling. The iron balls and the steel slags showed much inferior values. The concrete incorporates iron fillings afforded the best shielding effect. The density, microstructure, homogeneity and particulate distribution of the concrete samples were examined and evaluated using different metallographic, microscopic and measurement facilities.
Keywords: Attenuation coefficient, gamma ray, wastes materials, particles size, NaI Tl
Edition: Volume 4 Issue 1, January 2015,
Pages: 1017 - 1021