International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Nursing | Nepal | Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024 | Rating: 5.4 / 10

Nutritional Status of Preschool Children at Bharatpur, Nepal

Subina Bajracharya [2] | Binita Kumari Khawas

Abstract: Background: Early childhood malnutrition remains a significant public health challenge in Nepal, with the 2022 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey reporting a 25% prevalence of stunting, 8% wasting, 19% underweight, and 1% overweight among children under 5 years. This study aimed to assess the nutritional status and associated factors among preschool children aged 3 - 5 years in an urban setting of Nepal. Methods: A descriptive, cross - sectional study was conducted among 115 preschoolers attending two preschools in Bharatpur, Chitwan. Proportionate stratified sampling was used for recruitment. Anthropometric measurements and socio - demographic data were collected through structured interviews and analyzed using WHO Anthro software and SPSS. Chi - square tests examined associations between nutritional status indicators and independent variables. Results: Of the preschoolers, 6.1% were severely wasted, 8.7% moderately wasted, 3.5% severely stunted, 15.7% moderately stunted, 3.5% severely underweight, and 8.7% overweight. Prevalence of severe wasting, stunting and underweight were lower compared to previous rural Nepali studies but overweight exceeded national estimates. Statistically significant associations were observed between wasting/stunting and child's age (p<0.05), and between wasting and presence of siblings (p<0.05). No significant association was found with underweight status. Conclusion: While nutritional indicators were relatively better than rural settings, the study highlights ongoing concerns regarding undernutrition and overweight/obesity among urban preschoolers in Nepal. Tailored interventions are needed across socioeconomic groups, targeting key determinants like sibling status, dietary patterns and access to maternal/child health services to further improve nutrition outcomes.

Keywords: Preschool children, nutritional status, wasting, stunting, underweight, overweight

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024,

Pages: 791 - 796

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