International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Informative Article | Health & Nutrition | India | Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018 | Rating: 5.2 / 10


Epidemiology of Chikungunya Fever Outbreak in Western Jamaica - A Comprehensive Review

Swapna Nadakuditi [2]


Abstract: In the article ?Epidemiology of Chikungunya fever outbreak in Western Jamaica during July - December 2014?, Pham and their colleagues [1] from the University of Alabama, as well as Montego Bay Ministry of Health, wrote about the 2014 outbreak of CHIKV in Western Jamaica. This report aims to evaluate the study. Chikungunya Virus is a virus spread by mosquitos that causes fever - like symptoms. First discovered in Tanzania, CHIKV is transmitted from human to human by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitos, among others. Three genotypes of the virus exist, known as the West African, East - Central - South African (also known as the Indian Ocean Lineage,) and Asian genotype. The incubation period for the people who develop symptoms is typically a 3?7 - day range. Forecasting the transmission of mosquito - borne diseases is essential to implement public health services in a community and help physicians in prompt decision making. With the help of predictive analytics and machine learning algorithms it is possible to identify factors resulting in disease outbreaks, like the environmental conditions or the historical trends in reported cases, enabling timely intervention and spread of the diseases. However, for urgent situations with limited data on the infection rates, disease progression it is challenging to achieve precise and prompt predictions [2]. By analyzing the information collected from multiple sources such as demographic information, environment data, socio economic data such as sanitation and access to healthcare, public health agencies would be able to forecast the occurrence and spread of mosquito - borne diseases which in turn would enable in providing timely interventions in terms of increasing public awareness and health campaigns to mitigate the spread of diseases and minimize the impacts.


Keywords: Chikungunya, CHIKV, Epidemic, mosquito - borne diseases, demographics, health informatics


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018,


Pages: 1818 - 1820



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