International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Biological Sciences | India | Volume 13 Issue 5, May 2024 | Rating: 4.8 / 10


Evaluation of Relation between Vitamin D Deficiency and Body Composition Indices of Indian Women in Child Bearing Age

Bandana Sen


Abstract: Vitamin D deficiency is a globally public health problem. The objective of this study was to find the correlation between 25 (OH) D and indices of body composition. The study 49 women were divided in three groups vitamin D insufficient (25 (OH) D ?20 & <30 ng/ml), deficient (25 (OH) D ?10 & <20 ng/ml) and severe deficient (25 (OH) D <10ng/ml). Among the study women 14.3% were vitamin D insufficient, 65.3% deficient and 20.4% severe deficient. Women were stratified according to their body mass index (BMI) into underweight with <18.5 kg/m2, normal weight with BMI ? 18.5 & <25 kg/m2, over weight with BMI? 25 kg/m2 & <28 kg/m2 and obese with BMI? 28 kg/m2. The present study showed that 12% women under weight, 52% normal weight, 26% overweight and 10% obese. No correlation was not observed between 25 (OH) D levels and with BMI and FFMI of the study women. Only FMI was correlated with 25 (OH) D level (p<0.05). In conclusion, individuals with lower 25 (OH) D levels had a higher percentage of BMI, FMI and FFMI of child bearing aged Indian women. There is a statistically significant and inverse relation between vitamin D level and body fat mass of the Indian women of child bearing age.


Keywords: Vitamin D Deficiency, 25 Hydroxy vitamin D, Correlation, Body mass index, Fat mass index


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 5, May 2024,


Pages: 592 - 598



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