International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Environmental Microbiology | Argentina | Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024 | Rating: 5 / 10

Penicillin as a Carbon and Energy Source for Microorganisms from Crude - Oil Contaminated Soil A Novel Approach to Bioremediation

Leonela Herrera | Maximiliano Eduardo Gutierrez | Maite Soledad Baztan | Graciela Natalia Pucci

Abstract: Antibiotics, including penicillin, are considered emerging pollutants due to their continuous input and persistence in the environment even at low concentrations. Thus, several techniques for the degradation and mineralization of antibiotics have been evaluated to reduce their environmental impact. The objective of this work was to search for bacterial consortia from crude oil - contaminated soils, capable of using penicillin as a carbon and energy source and/or secreting enzymatic compounds to neutralize this antibiotic. The degradation of penicillin was evaluated using the closed - bottle technique, in which the bottle contained penicillin, the bacterial inoculum, and a mineral medium at a concentration of 220 ppm. The bacteria were counted, the degradation of penicillin was determined by optical density at 245 nm, and FT - IR spectroscopy was performed. At 14 days, FT - IR spectrum analyses of penicillin showed the disappearance of peaks at 1673 cm?? and 1106 cm??. These results indicate that some bacteria from the oil - contaminated soil studied had developed the ability to degrade penicillin (by secreting extended spectrum ? - lactamases (ESBL) and metallo - ? - lactamases (MBL)), whereas others had developed resistance to penicillin. The bacterial communities used penicillin at a rate of 54.34%. Eleven strains were isolated and identified as Pseudomonas.

Keywords: penicillin, degradation, bacteria

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024,

Pages: 566 - 570

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