International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Physics and Astronomy | India | Volume 13 Issue 4, April 2024 | Rating: 5.2 / 10


Anomaly in the Diurnal Anisotropy During the Transition Period of Solar Cycles 24 and 25

Rakesh Kumar Gautam | Dr. Sushil Kumar Dubey


Abstract: The behavior of the diurnal variability of cosmic rays during the transition period of solar cycles 24 and 25 have been investigated in the present study. Cosmic ray anisotropy exhibited a characteristic feature from 2018 to 2021 at the end of solar activity cycle 24 and the beginning of solar cycle 25; characterized by a remarkably reduced diurnal amplitude and an unconventional low - phase distribution. Observations were carried out using data from eight neutron monitors with 2.0 to 7.0 GV cut - off rigidity over a long period of five and a half solar cycles. Significant discrepancies were observed in the amplitude and phase of the first harmonic of cosmic ray variation. The GCR modulation during solar minima 24/25 differs significantly from previous solar minima in several respects, particularly in terms of the low number of sunspots, weak interplanetary magnetic fields, and turbulence. According to the analysis, this anomaly is observed throughout various rigidities and latitudes, implying a global impact.


Keywords: Cosmic rays, Diurnal anisotropy, Solar polar magnetic field, Polarity Reversal


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 4, April 2024,


Pages: 510 - 525


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