International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Informative Article | Computer Science and Information Technology | India | Volume 9 Issue 5, May 2020 | Rating: 4.4 / 10

Alternate Fuel Vehicle Technology - Energy Storage and Propulsion System

Amey Phatale [5]

Abstract: This paper addresses the urgent requirement for sustainable transportation solutions, considering the limited availability of Earth's resources. Focusing on the vehicle sector, traditionally reliant on petroleum, the study emphasizes the urgency to find alternatives. Among various options like Hybrid Vehicles, Bio - fuel Vehicles, and Hydrogen Vehicles, the paper specifically delves into Battery - electric vehicles. Highlighting Battery - electric vehicle recent surge, the discussion emphasizes their role in reducing emissions and reliance on finite fuels. Despite challenges like limited range, Battery - electric vehicle, and Plug - in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) sales have consistently grown since 2010. The environmental impact, including reduced city pollution and varied greenhouse gas emissions based on regional energy mixes, is explored. Global sales figures of major electric vehicle manufacturers, including the Renault - Nissan Alliance, Mitsubishi Motors, and Tesla Motors, underscore the industry's momentum. Government funding initiatives, such as the U. S. 's $2.4 billion federal grants and China's $15 billion investment, reflect global motivation for the initiative. The paper then scrutinizes the core components of Battery - electric vehicles, starting with Electric Motors. Various types, like DC motors, induction motors, permanent magnet motors, and switched reluctance motors, are evaluated for their suitability in vehicular applications. Battery Packs, crucial energy carriers, are explored next. Lead - Acid, Nickel Metal Hydride, Sodium (Zebra), and Lithium - ion batteries are assessed based on energy density, efficiency, lifespan, and environmental impact. Despite limitations, the ascendancy of Lithium - ion batteries, evident in Tesla Motors' success, is acknowledged.

Keywords: Battery Electric Vehicle, Electric Vehicle, EV, Electric Vehicle Motor, Electric Vehicle Batteries, Lithium Ion Battery, Lead - Acid Battery, Nickel Metal Hydrate Battery, Energy Storage EV

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 5, May 2020,

Pages: 1842 - 1846

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