International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 1 | Views: 24 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Informative Article | Botany | India | Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024


The Main Varieties of Wheat Grown in India

Narendra Kumar Ray [2]


Abstract: In India, different types of wheat are grown to meet the diverse needs of farmers and consumers. These varieties are specially bred to thrive in various regions and climates across the country. Among the main varieties cultivated are VL - 832, VL - 804, HS - 365, HS - 240, HD2687, WH - 147, WH - 542, PBW - 343, WH - 896 (d), PDW - 233 (d), UP - 2338, PBW - 502, Shresth (HD 2687), Aditya (HD 2781), HW - 2044, HW - 1085, NP - 200 (di), and HW - 741. Each of these varieties has its unique characteristics, such as resistance to diseases, adaptability to different soil types, and suitability for specific growing conditions. For instance, some varieties like HD2687 and HD2781 are known for their high yield potential, making them popular choices among farmers looking to maximize their harvests. Other varieties, such as WH - 147 and WH - 542, may have attributes like better tolerance to heat or drought, which are crucial in regions with challenging environmental conditions. Farmers often select wheat varieties based on factors like soil quality, water availability, and pest pressures in their particular area. Additionally, some wheat varieties like PBW - 343 and PBW - 502 are preferred for their baking qualities, producing flour that is ideal for making bread, chapatis, and other wheat - based products. These varieties are sought after by flour mills and food processing industries for their specific grain characteristics. The introduction of newer varieties like UP - 2338 and NP - 200 (di) demonstrates ongoing efforts in wheat breeding to improve traits such as disease resistance, yield potential, and nutritional quality. These advancements in wheat research contribute to enhancing agricultural productivity and food security in India. Overall, the cultivation of various wheat varieties in India plays a vital role in meeting the country's growing demand for this staple food grain. By selecting and adopting suitable varieties, farmers can optimize their yields and contribute to the nation's food supply while adapting to changing environmental and market conditions.


Keywords: Wheat varieties, India, VL - 832, VL - 804, HS - 365, HS - 240, HD2687, WH - 147, WH - 542, PBW - 343, WH - 896 (d), PDW - 233 (d), UP - 2338, PBW - 502, Shresth, Aditya, HW - 2044, HW - 1085, NP - 200 (di), HW - 741


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024,


Pages: 688 - 704


How to Download this Article?

Type Your Valid Email Address below to Receive the Article PDF Link


Verification Code will appear in 2 Seconds ... Wait

Top