International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Anthropology Science | India | Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024

Factors Influencing Under - Five Child Survival in Odisha: Insights from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS - 4 & 5)

Srinibasa Sahoo | Kalandi Singh

Abstract: The study investigates the determinants of under - five child survival in Odisha, utilizing data from both NFHS - 4 and NFHS - 5. Through logistic regression models, the analysis identifies several key factors influencing child survival. Maternal education emerges as a crucial determinant, with primary, secondary, and higher education levels associated with improved odds of child survival, emphasizing the significance of education in child welfare. Gender disparities are observed, with male children exhibiting slightly lower odds of survival compared to females, revealing nuanced gender - related impacts on child survival. While urban residency does not significantly impact survival odds, rural areas and specific regions exhibit varying influences, indicating geographical disparities. Caste and religion display mixed associations with child survival, highlighting the intricate interplay of socio - cultural factors. Economic status, as measured by the wealth index, consistently correlates with higher odds of survival, underscoring the importance of economic well - being. Moreover, variables related to basic amenities and maternal health practices, including breastfeeding and contraceptive use, significantly influence child survival. Overall, the analysis underscores the multifaceted nature of child survival outcomes, emphasizing the need for comprehensive strategies addressing socio - economic, demographic, and health - related determinants effectively.

Keywords: Under five, Socio - economic, Demography, Health, Odisha

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024,

Pages: 1786 - 1792

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