International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Analysis Study Research Paper | Philosophy | India | Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024

Women Empowerment: Theory and Practice

Dr. Biswajit Baidya [9]

Abstract: Women's empowerment in 21st century is not something absolutely a very new topic. What could be considered as new is its huge gap that is noticed in its theory and practice. The increasing realization and recognition that empowering women is absolutely essential rather imperative for familial, societal, national and international development and progress, the real picture in between theory and practice is quite dismal. While theoretical advantages for women and girl child are hugely discussed in papers, seminars, programmes on Medias by citing fiery speeches, sensational news, the reversed pictures are seen on practical field. Though it is a fact that lot of work towards empowering the women had started by the social reformers and women movement right from the 19th century onwards. Now it is being done by various movements - Women's, NGO's and activists movements, women's study centers of universities, research centers and individual research scholars and intellectuals apart from the genuine work being done by the Government at various levels. To give specific importance, the Government of India has declared 2001 as the year of women's empowerment that also crossed 23 years as we have stepped into 2024. Still the visible line between theory and practice is markedly deep and raw particularly for the women from lower strata though today's world is brazing the gap between different classes of the society. Yet women in general are prone to victimize to crimes, abuses, tortures and sufferings. My effort will be to expose the different stages of women development leading the path towards empowerment on two ways particularly citing stress on social and economic ground. The gradual empowerment of women society begins through Gandhiji's movements in India and in Bengal the tireless effort of Raja Rammohan Roy, Vidyasagar, Swami Vivekananda and after independence though industrialization, the social pattern tends to change much faster. With women education and women's participation in different consumption linked services women empowerment takes gradual shape towards its dignified journey. Though much has been done in theory, in practice it is a far cry.

Keywords: environment, values, development, changes, policies

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024,

Pages: 1727 - 1729

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