International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Public Health | India | Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024 | Rating: 5.3 / 10

Factors Influencing Nutritional Status among Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers Inrural Community Settings in Odisha State, India

Santosh Debata

Abstract: Introduction: Malnutrition adversely affects physical function, impeding growth, work, and disease resistance. In rural Tigiria, the underdeveloped socio - economic status, compounded by factors like low economic conditions and poor hygiene, is associated with malnutrition. Maternal nutritional status significantly influences pregnancy outcomes and newborn health, requiring specialized care. Healthcare providers must address unique nutritional needs during pregnancy and lactation. Sustainable solutions are necessary to tackle malnutrition in pregnant and pregnant lactating women (PLW). In rural Tigiria, targeted interventions and education for PLW are crucial due to insufficient awareness. Methods: A household survey at 10 Anganwadi Centres (AWC) identified Pregnant Women (PW) and Recently Delivered Women (RDW). Assessments included socio - economic/demographic profiles, ANC components, dietary intake, and nutritional outcomes. Logistic regression compared characteristics, nutrient intake, and nutritional status between ANC - utilizing and non - utilizing groups. Results: All women received inadequate ANC packages, with non - utilization linked to poverty, literacy, migration, and duration of stay. Nutrition counseling was reported by a quarter of the population. Suboptimal protein and micronutrient intake prevailed, with no difference in ANC impact on nutrient intake or anemia prevalence. Enhanced nutrition counseling within ANC/PNC is crucial for improving poor nutritional status. Conclusion: Empowering community - based health workers is vital given the burden on the public health system. Mandatory institutionalized nutrition services, discussed in Gram Sabhas, can contribute to lasting solutions.

Keywords: Malnutrition, Pregnant lactating women, Anganwadi Centres, Delivered Women

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024,

Pages: 1315 - 1320

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