International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Surgery | Indonesia | Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023


Characteristics of Middle Third Facial Fractures in the Emergency Departement of Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung

Asterid Rosenia [2] | Harmas Yazid Yusuf [12] | Asri Arumsari [4]


Abstract: Background: Maxillofacial trauma is a physical condition that can occur in the hard and soft tissues of the face. The causes of maxillofacial trauma are varied, including traffic accidents, physical violence, falls, sports and gun trauma. An initial assessment of the severity of maxillofacial trauma is needed to determine and predict the next treatment plan. Objective: This study aims to determine the analysis of the characteristics, the tendency of trauma to the middle third of the face in the Emergency Installation of the Hasan Sadikin Teaching Hospital, Bandung Period January 2020 - January 2021. Methods: This study is a descriptive retrospective study using data from the medical records of patients with oral surgery in the Emergency Home Installation. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung who experienced trauma in the middle third of the face in January 2020 - January 2021. Results: The data obtained were 31 samples. The majority of cases occurred in patients aged between 13-24 years (54.84%). The gender that often experienced fractures in one third of the face was male (90.32%). All cases were the result of direct trauma. The location of the midface fracture occurred mostly in the zygoma bone, as many as 21 patients (67.74%). It was found that 17 patients did not wear a helmet. Conclusion: Traffic accidents, especially by motorized vehicle drivers, often occur due to lack of attention from motorized vehicle drivers such as not wearing a helmet, driving a vehicle at high speed, causing fractures in the middle third of the face.


Keywords: Maxillofacial trauma, traffic accidesnts, Facial Fractures


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023,


Pages: 2120 - 2123


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