International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Geography | India | Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023

Urban - Rural Differentials in Literacy in Malaprabha River Basin, Karnataka State, India; A Regional Approach

Dr. Suresh L. Chitragar [6]

Abstract: Literacy and Education are reasonably good qualitative indicators and plays a very crucial role in the social and economic development of a country. Spread and diffusion of literacy is positively associated with the essential traits of today?s civilization such as, modernization, industrialization, urbanization, communication, trade and commerce. The present paper is an attempt to analyze the spatial distribution of population and literates by literacy, trends of differential in literacy rate, spatial patterns of urban - rural differentials and the relationship between rural and urban differential index among the talukas of Malaprabha River Basin Area, Karnataka State. India is one of the developing nation of the world, of which the study area is part, are characterized not only by low literacy rates but also by a great disparity in the literacy pattern between, rural and urban and between male and female, a disparity in consonance with differences in necessity, prosperity and opportunity to become literate. Equally striking are the regional disparities in literacy and literacy differentials itself. This study based upon the secondary sources of data, though the study area is a natural region, the taluka/ tehsils has been taken as unit of study. The findings suggest that there are undoubtedly significant disparities between urban and rural literacy rate in the study area. These disparities existed at all level but at village level it?s even serious and higher than the urban literacy rate in the study area. The reasons for these are; primarily traditional agrarian economy, low level of urbanization, backwardness of area, inadequate educational infrastructure, poverty, lack of awareness, conservative mindedness, lack of opportunities and male dominated social setup.

Keywords: Rural & Urban population, distribution, differential index, relationship, literacy rate

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023,

Pages: 176 - 185

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