International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Social Science | Philippines | Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023

Sex-Based Analysis of Mathematics Performance and Non-Cognitive Factors of University Students

Christopher R. Vergara [2]

Abstract: Mathematics education has long been a topic of interest due to perceived gender disparities, despite progress towards gender equality in other areas like employment and education. This paper aims to determine university students' differences in mathematics performance and non-cognitive factors based on sex. It focuses on analyzing the relationship between sex, mindset, and self-control. The study respondents were 150 Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) first-year university students. The descriptive correlational research design was utilized in this study, and the data were analyzed using frequency count, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test. The study found that students have an average level of mathematics performance. Furthermore, most STEM students have a growth mindset with some fixed ideas in learning mathematics. In addition, results also reveal that they have an average level of self-control. Moreover, the study found no significant differences in mathematics performance, mindset, and self-control when groups based on sex. Thus, males and females are equally equipped with cognitive and non-cognitive domains to succeed in STEM courses.

Keywords: STEM, sex, mathematics performance, mindset, self-control

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023,

Pages: 2246 - 2250

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