International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Psychology | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023


The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Adult Mental Health

Akshara Avinash Sarode | Dr Renu Wasu


Abstract: Childhood trauma is a matter of great concern in public health due to its association with various mental health issues in adulthood. The purpose of this paper is to examine existing research on the impact of childhood trauma on adult mental health and explore the potential underlying mechanisms of this relationship. To achieve this, an extensive search of electronic databases was conducted to identify relevant studies investigating the connection between childhood trauma and adult mental health outcomes. Studies were selected based on specific criteria and analysed using a qualitative synthesis approach. The findings of this research indicate that childhood trauma is linked to several mental health problems in adulthood, including depression, anxiety, post - traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), borderline personality disorder, and substance use disorders. Understanding the complex impact of childhood trauma on adult mental health outcomes is still an ongoing process, and the precise mechanisms involved have not yet been fully elucidated. However, researchers have identified several potential mechanisms that may contribute to this relationship. These mechanisms include changes in brain structure and function, alterations in stress response systems, and difficulties in interpersonal relationships. Considering the significant impact of childhood trauma on adult mental health, early intervention and prevention efforts play a crucial role. It is essential to identify and address childhood trauma as early as possible to mitigate the risk of developing mental health problems in adulthood. Additionally, mental health professionals need to receive training in recognizing and treating the effects of childhood trauma in adults, as this can significantly improve mental health outcomes. This paper emphasizes the crucial role of childhood trauma in shaping mental health outcomes in adulthood. Future research should focus on identifying effective strategies for prevention and treatment to support individuals who have experienced childhood trauma.


Keywords: Childhood trauma, depression, anxiety, PTSD, borderline personality disorder


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,


Pages: 2163 - 2169


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