International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023

Association of Metabolic Syndrome in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Prevalence and Correlation with Infertility - An Overview

Dr. Sushila Kharkwal [2] | Dr. Kavita Chaudhary | Dr. Hema J. Shobhane [2]

Abstract: Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common form of anovulatory infertility associated with insulin resistance and obesity. It is a common condition that affects 20% of women of reproductive years. Prevalence of obesity and diabetes mellitus is on the rise owing to urbanization and change in lifestyle. Objective: The aim of the present study was to find out the relationship between PCOS and metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods: The observational study conducted on 100 women with PCOS (according to Rotterdams criteria) with age of 18 and 35 years and assessed to metabolic syndrome (according to NCEP criteria) and normal pelvic study. Women having diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hypothyroidism/ hyperprolactinaemia and secondary causes of androgen excess were excluded from the study. Results: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome is 36%.63.33% of patients aged 30 - 40 years with fasting hyperglycaemia have metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome (low HDL level) is present in PCOS patient even with normal weight (BMI = 18.5 - 22.99kg/m2). The prevalence was higher among obese (91.67%) and morbidly obese (100%). Conclusion: metabolic syndrome manifests at an early age in women with Polycystic ovarian syndrome. PCOS is a sedentary life and obesity related disorder. In PCOS patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, progression of syndrome can be altered or retarded by lifestyle modifications.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Metabolic Syndrome, Prevalence, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,

Pages: 2061 - 2064

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