International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Pediatrics | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023

Correlation between Mothers Breast Milk Sodium and Baby's Serum Sodium and Renal Functions across Seasons

Basavaraj M Patil | Aishwarya Bijapur [2] | Suma V Halligudi

Abstract: Background: Breastmilk undoubtedly provides complete nutrition which is required for the healthy life of infant as well as mother. Breast - feeding with high sodium content milk may cause hypernatremic dehydration in neonates. The number of cases with hypernatremic dehydration tends to increase particularly in the summer. Objectives of the Study: a) To correlate sodium content of mother?s breast milk with serum sodium urea and creatinine of exclusively breastfed neonates. b) To determine whether high breast milk sodium levels during summer months can cause hypernatremic dehydration in exclusively breastfed neonates. c) To compare the breastmilk sodium levels during summer and winter. Study Design: Prospective observational study. Study Participants: The data was collected from 128 Exclusively breastfed neonates and their mothers admitted to postnatal wards of teaching hospitals attached to MR medical college, kalaburagi. Results: We tried to correlate Breastmilk sodium with serum sodium, urea and creatinine of the baby during summer and winter months. Mean breastmilk sodium levels were higher (P= 0.001) in summer 36.06?8.66 than winter months 29.18?9.5. Mean serum sodium, urea and creatinine levels were higher (P=0.001) in summer which resulted in dehydration in 62% of neonates. Breast milk sodium levels were higher in primiparous mother compared to multiparous mothers (P=0.001). Conclusion: Within the constraints of the present study, it can be concluded that high sodium content in mother?s breast milk during summer resulted in high serum sodium, urea and creatinine in the baby and also resulted in dehydration compared to winter months.

Keywords: Dehydration, Hypernatremia, lactation failure, primiparity

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,

Pages: 1923 - 1926

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