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Review Papers | Environmental Management | Nigeria | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023
Consequences of Environmental Infrastructure Deficit on Water Security and Maternal Health
Adaeze Nkechi Ezirigwe
Abstract: Climate change remains a threat to the world?s peace, security, and well - being, and women are not spared from these effects as they are among the most vulnerable to its negative impacts. The effects range from extreme storm events, flooding, multi - year droughts, saltwater intrusion, and long - term changes to groundwater availability threatening existing water and sanitation systems. The deepening climate crisis with its plethora of worsening environmental infrastructure deficit has become a source of concern for women all over the world more so in Africa as there is a further drawstring on water security and health burdens. The health effect can be seen in pain, fatigue, perinatal health problems, disability related to musculoskeletal disorders, and work performance or satisfaction. Incidents and fear of physical and sexual violence, stress, or self - reported mental health and general health status. Though women outnumber men in the world population and bear the most burden of environmental infrastructure deficit and water security matters, they barely have representation in Government?s decision - making or policymaking programs throughout the world. This paper tends to review observational and interventional studies conducted globally to identify the consequences of environmental infrastructure deficit on water security and maternal health; identify key themes for addressing health burdens associated with water security/insecurity, women, climate change, and policymaking. This will be by interrogating the question, does environmental infrastructure deficit on water security cause health burden among women? If it does; what can female participation in policymaking engender? In conclusion, women can address the issue of climate change from different perspectives through indigenous knowledge. They can take significant roles in policymaking. This area of interest which is less explored has good potential for further research.
Keywords: Climate Change, Women, Health, Environmental Infrastructure Deficit, Water Security, Policy
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,
Pages: 1398 - 1402