International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Masters Thesis | Nursing | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023 | Rating: 5.4 / 10

Effectiveness of Sensitizing Programme on Chemotherapy for Cancer Patients Upon the Knowledge and Practice of Nursing Students

G. Muthuram

Abstract: Introduction: Health is an ideal state of physical and mental wellbeing: something to strive for but never to attain. The incidence of cancer in India is 70 ? 90 per 100, 000 population and the cancer prevalence is established to be about 2.5 million with over 800, 000 new cases and 5, 50, 000 deaths occurring each year. (National Cancer Statistics, 2018) 1. Nurses are involved in caring for patients who are dying or have a terminal illness and are faced with the process of dying. A study conducted by Sadala and da Silva (2009) in Brazil with fourteen undergraduate nursing students, aimed to understand how they perceive themselves while caring for terminal cancer patients and exposed the meaning of the experience they had. Findings showed that informants perceived it as a painful experience that made them confront their weaknesses and insecurities. They were feeling insecure and weak due to lack of preparation and inexperience as well as lack of support from professionals during their practical placement. The main objective being to help nursing students understand and interpret their experience. The researcher aimed to explore the experiences of the undergraduate students when they come face - to - face with cancer care during their clinical placements. A number of studies recommend that nurses should be properly trained on cancer patient care and treatment, including communication, psychosocial support, and caring for terminal illnesses. Based on our observations in hospital settings and experiences as clinical instructors, we believe that student nurses indeed do have difficulty working with cancer patients. Examining student experiences with cancer patients and identifying the problems, and sensitizing them will help to improve their preclinical training and provide better care for cancer patients. Methodology: The research design used in this study was a pre experimental one - group pre - test - post - test research design. Purposive sampling technique was used and 97 Nursing Students studying in III year B. Sc. Nursing at College of Nursing, Chennai were selected as study samples. Structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge regarding chemotherapy for cancer patients. Observation practice checklist was developed to assess the practice of nursing student on chemotherapy that includes preparation, administration, monitoring, disposal of chemo waste and nursing responsibility. Rating scale was designed to assess the level of acceptance among nurses regarding sensitizing program on chemotherapy for cancer patients upon the knowledge of nursing students. Data was collected for a total period of 4 weeks from selected samples. The pre - test was conducted followed by the sensitizing programme as lecture and demonstration and Post - test was conducted after 1 week. Result: This study revealed that majority of the nursing students aged between 18 - 20 years (69.1%) and all of them were females (100%), half of them were having above ten thousand rupees of the family income per month (50.1%), most of them belonged to nuclear family (83.5%), more than half of them were from urban area (53.6%) and majority of them scored more than seventy five percentage and studied in English medium (74.2%). On Comparing the mean and standard deviation Pretest and Posttest Knowledge Scores of Nursing Students on Chemotherapy for Cancer Patients posttest knowledge score (18.10 and 1.84) was high compared to the pretest knowledge score (14.3 and 2.78) with t value of 10.54 at p<0.001 level. With regard to practice, The students had very high total practice scores (Mean = 75.77, SD = 3.84) after the sensitizing program on Chemotherapy. The nursing students reported high acceptability with regard to the approach of the researcher (95%), Sensitizing programme administration (90%) and the effectiveness of Sensitizing programme regarding chemotherapy for cancer patients. (95%) and there was no correlation between the posttest level of knowledge and practice of nursing students on chemotherapy for cancer patients. Conclusion: The sensitizing programme was effective in improving the knowledge and practice of nursing students regarding chemotherapy for cancer patients.

Keywords: Sensitizing program, chemotherapy, knowledge, practice, nursing students

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,

Pages: 1289 - 1292

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