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Research Paper | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
A Comparative Study of Cure and Relapse in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Pulmonary TB Patients
Dr. (Prof.) Ram Babu Singh | Dr. (Prof.) Madhurmay | Dr. Rachit Jain
Abstract: Background: Diabetes Mellitus is now among the most common causes of compromised immunity that favour Tuberculosis development in present time. Methods: This study was a prospective cross-sectional study with the objective to observe the effect of Type II Diabetes Mellitus on cure rates and relapse rates in Pulmonary TB patients. Our study included 75 participants of whom 27 were diabetic and 48 non diabetic TB patients recruited at M. L. B. Medical College Jhansi from June 2021 to October 2022 for the study. All routine laboratory investigations were done based on standard clinical procedures and protocols and patient related clinical information were recorded after obtaining written consent from the participants on the prepared proforma. Results: In our study 27 out of 75 patients of TB in our study were diabetic. It was observed that diabetic patients relapsed more frequently than non-diabetic patients within 12 months of ATT completion. Relapse was seen more in >60 years age group (31.25%), males (87.50%), rural background (75%) and TB patients with relatively higher HbA1c levels (57%). Cure rate in TBDM was lower (33%) than in non-diabetic TB patients. (77%). Conclusion: To conclude we can say that cure rates in TBDM patients were lesser and relapse rate was higher than in non-diabetic TB patients.
Keywords: tuberculosis, diabetes mellitus, HbA1c, relapse
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 2099 - 2101