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Masters Thesis | Science and Technology | Philippines | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
Conventional and Pragmatic Approaches in Teaching Science in Bulan III District
April Grace A. Gutlay
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of conventional and pragmatic approaches in teaching science in Bulan III District for S. Y.2021 - 2022. A descriptive research method was employed, and quantitative data were gathered to determine the post - test results and the effectiveness of the approaches in improving student performance. The statistical analysis showed that there was a significant difference in the post - test results between the control and experimental groups. Based on the findings, it is recommended to explore alternative teaching methods or modify the current approach to improve student performance. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the use of inquiry - based and interactive teaching methods can improve students' understanding of scientific concepts and lead to better learning outcomes compared to traditional lecture - based teaching methods. Specifically, the findings suggest that students who were exposed to inquiry - based and interactive teaching methods had a significantly better understanding of the concepts related to Appearance and Uses of Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Mixtures, Characteristics of Solute and Solvent, Characteristics of Colloid, Solution and Suspension, Characteristics of Vertebrates and Invertebrates, interaction among living things and non - living things, and protection and conservation of ecosystem. The statistical results showed that the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected at the 5% level of significance for all topics, indicating that the experimental group performed significantly better than the control group. These findings suggest that the use of inquiry - based and interactive teaching methods can lead to better learning outcomes and can be an effective approach in improving students' understanding of scientific concepts. Based on the conclusions drawn from the study, the following recommendations can be made a) Encourage the use of interactive teaching methods: The study suggests that interactive and student - centered teaching strategies can lead to better learning outcomes. Therefore, educators should incorporate more inquiry - based and hands - on activities in their lessons to improve students' understanding of scientific concepts. b) Provide teacher training and support: To effectively implement interactive teaching methods, educators need to be trained and provided with support to help them develop the necessary skills and knowledge. Schools and education authorities should invest in professional development programs that equip teachers with the required pedagogical strategies and technical skills to facilitate the use of interactive teaching methods. C) Encourage the use of technology in teaching: The study suggests that using technology in teaching can enhance students' understanding of scientific concepts. Educators should, therefore, incorporate technology, such as simulations and interactive software, in their lessons to engage students and promote a deeper understanding of scientific concepts. D. Emphasize the importance of protecting and conserving the ecosystem: The study shows that the experimental group had a better understanding of the concepts related to the protection and conservation of the ecosystem than the control group. Therefore, schools and education authorities should emphasize the importance of protecting and conserving the environment by incorporating environmental education in the curriculum. E) Conduct more research on interactive teaching methods: While the study showed that interactive teaching methods are more effective than traditional lecture - based teaching methods, more research is needed to identify the most effective strategies and methods. Therefore, more research should be conducted to identify best practices and evaluate the long - term effects of interactive teaching methods on students' academic performance and overall development.
Keywords: Conventional Approaches, Pragmatic Approaches, and Teaching Science
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 1806 - 1809