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Doctoral Thesis | Economics | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
A Study on Rural Non-Agricultural Employment in Mizoram
M. S. Dawngliana Hnamte
Abstract: Employment opportunities in rural areas of India have historically been limited to those in the agriculture industry. However, the function of non-agricultural sector is becoming more significant nowadays due to the rising demand of people on land and the restricted ability to increase the cultivated area. Agricultural jobs and non-farming jobs are the two main types of rural employment. However, the levels of household income and that of living standards are not uniform among the households across the villages. This is especially true if the income levels of agricultural and non-agricultural families are taken into account. In light of this, the current research attempts to analyse, with the use of primary data collected from several villages, the income levels and the degree of poverty among the rural families, as well as the variables which impact the same. At the all India level, the contribution of primary sector in the gross domestic product (GDP) has declined enormously comparing to its share in the total workforce. The contribution of primary sector has decline from 51.81 % in 1950-1951, 26.2 % in 2000-2001 to 21.82 % in 2020-2021, while the latter has declined from 72 % in 1999-2000 to 67.1 % in 2007-2008 and 52 % in 2009-2010. During the same period, the share in the total workforce in secondary sector has increased from 9.4 % to 12 % in 1950-1951 and gone up to 25.8 % in 2009-2010.
Keywords: Rural non-agricultural employment, enterprises, rural employment, rural economy, poverty
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 788 - 795